First nations Canada is one of the most popular terms used and studied in history. Canada first nations represented one of the most critical stages in the history of the Canadian state. In 2011, more than 2 million of people in Canada identified themselves as belonging to the First Nations at some point of their family heritage. Moreover, it is due to this heritage that people in Canada speak dozens of different languages.  According to the first nations development institute, these people originally inhabited the lands which currently belong to Canada. Moreover, they were the first to meet the Europeans who came to the continent. You cannot know anything about the aboriginal peoples of Canada if you do not know anything about the First Nations. Terminology is critical, so be ready to learn it, too. 


No matter if you are talking of inuit people or metis people in Canada, you still speak about the aboriginal peoples who were later described as the First Nations. Of course, the first nation tribes also had different names. For example, American Indians, Native Indians, and Natives are just some of the titles the indigenous tribes in Canada were bound to bear. Some names were given to emphasize the inferiority of the indigenous people as compared to other inhabitants of the Canadian continent. Unfortunately, Canada did not escape the tragedy of national reserves where indigenous people had to spend most of their lives. 

The first nations tribes in Canada have a long history, which covers more than 12,000 years. Their history was associated with numerous migrations, which followed the changes in how animals moved and how the weather favored or discouraged the locals from growing crops. It is possible to say that the indigenous tribes of Canada, many of which were able to reach the Vancouver island first nations tribes, travelled following nature, which could allow them to survive the coldest times and avoid hunger. 

At the same time, the migration of First Nations tribes was not seasonal. According to the first nations university of Canada, most indigenous populations enjoyed rich trade relations with each other and across the North American continent. The latest results of archeological studies indicate that the assembly of first nations used its trade relationships to exchange and purchase the basic things needed in life, ranging from silver to pottery. At the same time, those people invested their efforts in building a distinct culture. It was not a homogenous phenomenon. Rather, the first nation tribes created many different cultures, which greatly contributed to the development of a distinct Canadian multicultural ideology.

Each indigenous group comprised several indigenous nations, with similar languages and cultural traditions. Every cultural group used a different set of housing instruments and methods to meet their basic needs. The groups shared unique stories and narratives. They also had different views on the world around them. The assembly of the first nations was unique in its nature and existence, but it pointed to the level of organization among the indigenous tribes in Canada at that time. 

An interesting thing is that Canadian Indians had well-developed medicine and used numerous drugs to treat their illnesses. They knew pretty well, what plants were there to heal their wounds and improve their health and wellness. Canadian Indian tribes also organized into complex social relationships and systems. They had several governments which were responsible for different areas of life in the First Nations. The Chiefs were selected based on their leadership capacity, charisma, and talent to lead people. 

Today, it has become quite popular and even fashionable to collect and retell the first stories of the First Nation tribes. Native Canadian history is gaining prominence, and most Canadians know its importance in their own history and culture. These stories provide a better understanding of Canadian history and culture. They outline the routes Canadian native tribes followed to make Canada the way it is now. Actually, you can read dozens of First People's stories, which will add color to the basic knowledge of Canadian history. Many other stories you can hear from those, who keep them in oral, not in writing. These stories are passed from generations to generations, without losing their uniqueness. These stories are similar in their purpose and intent to the stories created in other cultures. 

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