The European Union is a political and economic union that comprises of twenty-eight member states. The European Union members’ states are primarily located in Europe. The twenty-eight European Union member state has an estimated population of over five hundred and ten million. The European Union member’s aim was to develop a single market that enables them to trade freely with each other. They enacted a standardized system of laws that applies to all member states, the laws enables them to ensure an efficient internal single market.

The European Union members’ main idea was aimed at ensuring the free movement of people, goods, services and capital within the internal market. The policy was also to enact legislation in justice and home affairs and maintain a common policy on trade, agriculture and regional development within the member states.

The European Union members also so the need to establish a monetary union in 1999 which came into full force in 2002, this establishment, composed of nineteen European Union member states which decided to use the euro currency.

The European Union origin can be traced from the European Coal and Steel Community and the Economic Community. The European Coal and Steel Community was formed in 1951 and the European Economic Community was formed in 1958. The community has expanded in size due to the joining of new members and also due to the introduction of new policy areas to its remit.

A history of European integration

What is the purpose of European Union? The purpose can be traced back from the history of the European integration. The European Union encompasses twenty-eight member states. Each member state is the body to the developing treaties of the union and thereby is a participant to the benefits and requirements of membership. Different from other members of international organizations, the member states of the European Union are put through binding laws in exchange for representation within the common legislative and judicial institutions. Member states must concur unanimously for the European Union to embrace policies regarding defense and foreign affairs. The subsidiary is a founding principle of the European Union.

European integration is the operation of political industrial, economic, legal, social and cultural integration of states either entirely or partly in Europe. The integration basically came about through the European Union and the council of Europe. European integration has primarily come about through the European Union and the Council of Europe.

Five years after the Second World War came to an end, the two antagonists, that is France and Germany, together with other four of their neighbors, formed the world's first supranational international organization by establishing the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC). This manifested itself to be the first step in a task that led to the European Union that now incorporate an internal market and monetary union. In recent decades, the European Union has steadily increased its competence to other policy areas like migration, crime fighting, social policy, and foreign and defense policy. It has also grown from six to twenty-eight members, a number that is anticipated to expand in the future.

After the World War II, European integration was seen as the only solution that could help solve the extreme nationalism which had caused much damage to the continent. In 1952, the emergence of the European Coal and Steel Community was publicized to be the first step in the union of Europe. Immediately in 1958, six states which comprised Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and West Germany signed the treaty of Rome which created the European Economic Community and established a customs union. And with time the European Union members grew.

The debate of how to eschew wars between the nation-states was vital for the first theories. Federalism and Functionalism suggested the containment of the nation-state, while Tran-nationalism attempted to theorize the requirements for the stabilization of the nation-state system.

One of the most important theories of European integration is neo-functionalism, formed by Ernst B. Haas in 1958 and additional theory explored by Leon Lindberg in 1963. The significant debate between neo-functionalism and inter-governmental is still central to comprehending the establishment and stumbling block of the European Union. But as the evidence-based world has changed, theories too, have changed, and thus the understanding of European Integration. Today there is a relatively new focus on the complex policy-making in the European Union and multi-level governance  trying to produce a theory of the workings and development of the European Union.

Many times one would ask “what is the purpose of the European Union” and whether there was really the need for the members to unite. Appeals for the federation of Europe started in the 1940s and '50s as a response to the violent friction demonstrated by the World Wars. As the continent tries to reinstate its industries that were destroyed during the world wars, the leaders saw advantages that they would have if they pool their natural resources and strengthen bonds between them, particularly those whose countries’ post-imperialism economies depended on largely upon trade with one another. And that is how the basic idea of European unification was based on peace and prosperity.

The current European Union unearths its genesis to economic unions formed between Belgium, France, West Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands during the 1950s. Full market unity, nevertheless, was not implemented until 2002 with the establishment of the Euro. The more the European wealth grew, the European Union become more ambitious. The European Union now lists among its goal the upholding of human rights, movement of its citizens between member nations and the advancement of a more transparent and democratic government.

In summary, form when one is faced with this kind of question “what is the purpose of the European union?” it would be right to say that, the main objectives of the European Union are to encourage significant social, political and economic unity among the nations of Western Europe. The European Union argues that nations whose economies depend on one another are less likely to involve in disputes. These goals are followed through the union of European markets under a common currency, the Euro, and also there are legal standards which are set, which all future members and member nations, are held.

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