Healthcare policies are vital components in the establishment of effective health systems. In essence, they entail the strategies that are crucial in promoting a healthy nation. In Miami, childhood nutrition and obesity are significant policy issues because of the detrimental impact of obesity on the city’s population. The formulated policy aims to curb obesity and promote healthy eating. The policy focuses on the change of diet in child care units and the training of staff. In addition, it explores the importance of provision of the health food to the society. However, the policy should be further improved to achieve enhanced results. The policy emanates from the national government. It is the role of the local government to ensure its implementation. There are empirical evidences that support the urgency of the policy. Previous researches indicate the social, economic, and psychological impact of obesity on the society. Therefore, the policy is of paramount importance in Miami. The following paper addresses childhood obesity and nutrition as a priority issue.


Childhood Obesity and Nutrition

Health care policies remain a significant part of the advancement of service delivery in the hospital setting. In essence, the approaches entail the strategic plan of the healthcare system to curb or enhance particular features that promote the overall wellbeing of the population. In the modern world, diverse policies benefit an individual and the society as a whole. Particularly, the subject of children obesity and nutrition remains a fundamental policy issue within Miami because of the detrimental consequences that dietary problems continue to cause. The following paper discusses childhood obesity and nutrition as the policy-priority issue.

Description of Public health Policy Issue

Childhood obesity remains a fundamental policy issue in Miami, and it has raised concern from various stakeholders. Miami-Dade is a community with the population of over 2.5 million. The rate of obesity and overweight comprises 67.4% among adults and13% among high school children. Less than 12% of the community is physically fit. According to Reilly (2012), poor diet and lack of physical activity contribute to obesity. Children consume fast food quite frequently in Miami. Moreover, various restaurants offer foods such as chips, burgers, and pizzas. The feeding programs in schools do not emphasize the need to introduce healthy foods. Consequently, children tend to gain excessive weight due to unhealthy dietary habits. In addition, most young people lead a sedentary lifestyle. They spend one-third of their lives participating in indoor games, which limits their physical activities. The trend causes them to gain weight and become obese. Therefore, it is imperative that the government of Miami considers and successfully addresses this policy issue.

Problem Statement/Background

Childhood obesity and nutrition are critical in defining the health status of a population because obesity has negative physical, social, and economic impacts on a population. First, it is a predisposing condition for the development of cardiovascular and heart-related complications. Children with obesity suffer from high blood pressure, atherosclerosis, and stroke among other problems (Miami-Dade County, 2011). Moreover, obesity predisposes them to diabetes, which is a condition that affects the level of blood sugar. Consequently, it derails their academic progress. Secondly, the amount of resources spent on solving the problem of obesity is quite high considering the nation’s economy. In addition, the crux under discussion inhibits the ability of a family to progress in other areas of development. Parents have to spend considerable sums of money to treat their children’s heart related problems. Obese persons also face psychosocial problems. They do not have the liberty to freely interact with the rest of their peers. Moreover, their movement from one place to another is mostly confined to a vehicle. Therefore, it is apparent that childhood obesity and nutrition is a policy issue that requires significant attention. It is a subject of public health concerns that threatens the long-term economic development of Miami. Policy makers in Miami must go beyond the leading of campaigns against obesity. They should design long-term means of tackling the problem of obesity, and it should be a subject of the national health concern.

Analysis of the Policy

The pressure to tackle the problem of childhood obesity has made Miami devise the childhood obesity and nutrition policy to curb the crux. The strategy aims at enhancing the wellbeing of the society. First, they the city’s government has trained more than 2700 staff members and put them in the available 960 childcare centers (CDC, 2016). The trained staff is able to implement effective nutritional programs, physical activities, and screen time standards that are vital in tackling the existing childhood obesity issues. The policy makers recognize the fact that caregivers tend to spend more time with children compared to their parents. In addition, the policy has assisted an estimated number of 340 childcare centers to revise their menus (CDC, 2016). They have made provisions for healthier menus that have been defined by registered physicians. Moreover, the policy has been imperative in promoting exclusive breastfeeding for children up to the age of 6 months. The purpose is to ensure parents do not start feeding infants at an inappropriate age.

The policy has guaranteed the availability of recreation parks at strategic places in the area. The aim of the recreation park is to promote outdoor activities among children and adults. Further, the policy suggests the increase in the number of elementary schools that implement sports and recreation activities. For example, the implementation of SPARK is an example of an evidence-based physical education approach that intends to make young people take part in physical exercises.

The adoption of the policy has been imperative. Nevertheless, similar to any policy, there has been resistance to change. Young people find fatty foods tasty, and, thus, they prefer to eat them. Consequently, there has been an open resistance to the intake of healthy meals that children consider tasteless. Nonetheless, the long-term results make the policy under discussion an appropriate one. I would advise the policymakers to consider the opening of healthy restaurants in Miami. There are many fast-food joints with the city and the rural settings. The introduction of restaurants that offer healthy meals would be appropriate. It would encourage the citizens to reconsider their preferences. Public education is imperative in the current situation as well. Most people have yet to realize the danger and impact of obesity on the society. The local government should consider educating the citizens on the need to fight obesity.

Government Involvement

The national government considers childhood obesity and nutrition a subject of national concern. Consequently, it has been at the forefront in ensuring the implementation of the various strategies that aim at curbing obesity and its detrimental impact on the society (CDC, 2016). Nevertheless, the government has been keen to involve the local government in the process. They recognize that the successful implementation of the policy both in the cities and rural zones requires immediate leadership. Therefore, the local government has been mandated to see the implementation of the childcare menus in the learning institutions within their areas of jurisdiction. Nevertheless, the local government filed a report to the national government, which gave them an opportunity to highlight the challenges and recommendations regarding the adoption of the policy.

Critique of Empirical Evidences

There is empirical evidence that affirms the existence of the issue of childhood obesity and nutrition. Datar and Nicosia (2010) highlight the growing concern of the availability of junk foods in most learning institutions. They note that the trend has contributed to the epidemic of obesity among children. They carried out research to estimate the impact of junk food on BMI, obesity, and other related outcomes on the children of the 5th grade. The findings suggest that the availability of junk food influences BMI and obesity (Datar & Nicosia, 2006). Moreover, school administrators have noted that children prefer outlets with junk foods instead of healthy foods. The empirical findings reaffirm the need for the appropriate implementation of the child obesity and nutritional policies. Further, according to empirical evidence, childhood obesity leads to adolescent obesity. Research indicates a continuing prevalence of the condition (Reilly, 2006). The problem exists because healthcare professionals tend to underrate the impact of pediatric obesity. Moreover, they lack skill and time to effectively handle it. The findings emphasize the need for Miami to deal with pediatric obesity.

Importance an Impact of the Policy

The childhood obesity and nutrition policy has a massive impact on the field of nursing. First, it is vital in promoting healthy living. Therefore, nurses have to educate the public on the need to observe a healthy lifestyle. Moreover, the policy should form part of their practical intervention. Nurses must share their knowledge with patients and offer them both pharmacological and physical therapies. The adoption of the aforementioned policy promotes a healthy nation. Pediatric nurses must consider the policy a primary step towards the fight against obesity. Obesity can best be tackled when the public changes its lifestyle. Consequently, nurses can provide patients with the information on the measures that are acceptable by the government. Finally, the fight against obesity will promote a healthy and economically stable nation. When the youths are productive, there is an increase in the income level of the country. Besides, the government spends significant resources seeking efficient solutions for obesity. Therefore, the childhood obesity and nutrition policy is important to Miami.


The childhood obesity and nutrition policy is quite significant in Miami. The city faces numerous challenges related to the aforementioned issue. The number of young people suffering from the condition has been on the rise. As a result, children suffer from cardiovascular and other heart-related diseases. However, the government has set particular strategies by adopting the policy. For instance, various healthy food programs have been introduced in schools. Moreover, most of the caretakers have been trained on the issue. The government should further consider the introduction of healthy food restaurants within the city. Moreover, public education is a significant component in ensuring the proper adoption of the policy. Empirical evidence supports the need to tackle childhood obesity and nutrition. Therefore, nurses play a critical role in the implementation of the policy. The childhood obesity and nutrition policy is important to nurses because it enhances their nursing interventions among young people diagnosed with obesity related diseases.

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