The literary work has a complex nature as the diversity is determined by the variety of approaches to its analysis. Science has developed many methods. None of the techniques of literary analysis essay writing is universal, but any of them can be called unnecessary. Each one has certain tasks and research material limits, in which the use of one or another method is fruitful. By exploring various literary analysis essay examples, one can understand the basic approaches to the study of different texts. Here are some recommendations for the feasibility of using one or another type of analysis while exploring a book.



The biographical method is effective in the study of works of sentimentality, romanticism, as well as genres of lyrical and biographical-epic literature. The sociological method is useful in the study of works of educational realism, the realism of the twentieth century works with pronounced socio-political issues (socio-political novels, drama). The formal approach is productive when considering works of modernism, postmodernism, and poetry. Comparative analysis is especially important in the process of studying the works of various national literature of one genre, direction, and era.


Study of literature text consists of two processes: reading and analysis. The process of reading is preceded by any study. In turn, reading combines two processes, such as perception and understanding. Experienced readers read and analyze a book almost simultaneously. The specificity of both psychological processes lies in the fact that they have different goals (influence on the reader and the results of influence). Having determined the characteristic features of these processes, one can greatly facilitate the study of any text. Students are rarely limited to one type of analysis. Any literary work requires the use of various means of comprehension of the text. Therefore, one should keep in mind such a concept as a complex or mixed analysis of the literature work. The presence of a large number of analysis paths requires a brief description of each of them. The traditional problem-thematic analysis is the search for answers to questions, problems with the prospect of access to other, wider problems.

1st order


Literary analysis is an in-depth study of literary-critical sources, namely creative documents (drafts, texts of variants), business papers (letters), intimate notes (diaries, memoirs), critical papers (essays, notes, information on the publication of a work, etc.). Stylistic analysis is a study of stylistic features of the text, the style of the writer. Compositional research is the discovery of the interconnection of the components of a literary work. Linguistic analysis of the text is the observation of the linguistic units of the work of art and the study of the linguistic features of the text.
The comparative study is focused on the establishment of links and common features in the texts read, as well comparing other interpretations of the literary work. The structural-semantic approach is based on the exploration of the features of combining phrases in the text with logical, associative principles; determining the reasons for changing the value of certain semantic units. The philological analysis is a combined study of linguistic and literary features of the text. Gender approach is an analysis of the symbols of the text taking into account the characteristics of male or female perception of the world. The study of a literary work can be detailed and linguistic simultaneously, observational and peculiar, etc. Thus, the types and methods of analysis are usually used in the interconnection.


This method consists in considering the features of the plot of an artistic work, that is the definition of how a particular event or system of events is interpreted in the work, as it is embodied in the text.
The compositional analysis should be conducted when the text has already been read and comprehended at the level of the plot. Then you may talk about the general construction of the work and the combination of all its components into artistic value. To understand the essence of these concepts, you should read a few sample literary analysis essays.