The quality of a specialist’s activity depends not only on his or her level of professionalism but also on personal qualities and abilities. At the same time, the most important role is allocated to the ability to creatively solve the tasks posed, independence, ingenuity, practical orientation and flexibility of thinking, the ability to quickly find the necessary information and use it in their work. Getting to work on the essay outline, the author must answer a number of important questions:

  • What is the general problem question of the study?
  • What conclusions did the previous researchers come to?
  • What sources need to be studied?
  • How to apply the results? 

Answers to these questions allow the writer to get an idea of the upcoming work, understand how to write an outline, build its overall concept, and determine the object, subject, purpose, and hypothesis of the study. What does an outline look like? It is a list in which the main theses are presented.

How to Do an Outline Correctly

First, you need to determine the object of your research. The object of the study is a system, process, or phenomenon in which there is some problem. The problem can be solved by studying the results of exposure between different subjects. The outline helps to represent and remember them.
Further, the author needs to formulate the goal. For scientific research, the goal may be an experimental confirmation of new facts, data about an object, phenomenon, process; a new interpretation of known facts, systematization of existing ideas, new methods or approaches to research. The most critical thing is the elements of new knowledge as they are the goal of any scientific work. Describe your aims in a few words and present them in your outline. The purpose of the study involves the definition of tasks and steps leading to the achievement of the goal. After formulating the goal, hypothesis, and tasks, the author outlines a plan and methodology of scientific work.

The Outline Structure

The plan of a scientific work presents its content (goal achievement, problem-solving methods using), logically built in the following sections: introduction, literature review, the main part, results, and conclusions. The structure of a scientific article may also include an abstract, a list of sources, and, if necessary, an appendix.
The introduction states the general research topic, substantiates its relevance, and describes the object, subject, purpose, hypothesis (if any), objectives, research methods, and both theoretical and practical significance. The relevance of the topic is the degree of its importance in modern science (in a separate field). Scientific novelty is the difference between the work from other similar studies, the diversity of the findings from the results obtained by other researchers.
Theoretical research is oftentimes based on the methods of abstraction, synthesis, analysis, induction, deduction, formalization, idealization, modeling, etc. The author cites theoretical propositions, and then analyzes them, on the basis of which he or she draws conclusions. Your findings should be formulated in the form of these, which may be the points of your plan.

The Plan Writing Methods

There are many effective techniques for writing a plan. For example, some researchers take notes of salient facts and create the outline basing on such daft writings. One of the most effective methods is brainstorming. All you need is a few hours of free time. Make sure nothing distracts you. Take a blank piece of paper and a pen (or pencil), think about the topic of your future research, and write down all your ideas. Note even those thoughts that may seem insignificant. Analyze the received material and select the main theses from the list of your ideas. This way, you will get a good plan for your essay. This technique can be applied to papers in different disciplines.
Now you know how to write an outline quickly and easily. Follow these tips and save your precious time.

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